“Roads of Ancient Anatolia”

This page lists the 96 bridges pictured in T. Harada & F. Cimok, Roads of Ancient Anatolia. 2 vols. (Istanbul, 2008).

Volume 1

  1. Kemer (=arch), Roman aqueduct which supplied Troia (Truva) over the Thymbrios (Kemersu), a branch of the Scamander (Kara Menderes) in the Troad. (pp. 22-23)
  2. Kemerler (=arches) over the former bed of Tuzla Ҫayi along the coastal route between Troia and Smintheum. Tuzla Ҫayi may have been the Satnioeis. Surviving section of the bridge including its ramps on both sides is over 90m. (pp. 25-26) [39.577360, 26.129753]
  3. Başdegirmen Koprusu (=bridge of head/main mill) over Mihli Ҫay to the northwest of Antandros, near Altinoluk. (p. 34) [39.580711, 26.652702]
  4. Bridge across the River Lampe which empties the water of Lake Apolloniatis (Ulubat Golu) into the Propontis (Marmara). (p. 35) [40.204132, 28.441531]
  5. Kocakopru across Uzumcu Ҫay, a branch of the Macestus (Simav Ҫayi), near Hadrianoutherai (Balikesir). (p. 36)
  6. Beşkopru (=five bridges) across the Sangarius (Sakarya) along the Nicomedia (Izmit) – Amaseia (Amasya) route, near Adapazari. (p. 37) [40.737277, 30.372678]
  7. Bridge across the ancient bed of the Kryos (Nif Ҫayi), near Nymphaion (Kemalpaşa). (p. 64) [38.449481, 27.523148]
  8. Yiprak Koprusu across the Tembris (Porsuk), near Cotieum (Kutahya). Except two of its arches and piers it is buried in the silt of the ancient bed. (pp. 64-65) [N39.3841  E30.0939]
  9. Roman bridge across the Penkalas (Kocaçay/Ҫavdarhisar Suyu) in Aizanoi (Ҫavdarhisar). (pp. 64-66) [39.200680, 29.612355]
  10. Crossing point on the brook below Kaygili Kişlasi in Latomus (Menteşe) Daglari. The traces of the paved route end on two sides of the crossing which seems to have been achieved by means of large blocks placed where the river bed is wide and water shallow. (pp. 74-77)
  11. Sariçay Koprusu (=bridge of the yellow river) across the river of the same name, the ancient Kenios. (pp. 82-83) [37.343724, 27.728795]
  12. Bridge across Seki Ҫayi near Oinoanda (Incealiler)along the route to Cibyra (Golhisar). (pp. 96-97) [36.825303, 29.562005]
  13. Surviving arches of Ahmetli Koprusu on the Meander (Buyuk Menderes) along the Hierapolis (Pamukkale) – Philadelphia (Alaşehir) route. Suggested that it is built at the point where the Royal Road of Herodotus crossed the river. (pp. 102-103)
  14. Aqueduct known as Clandras Koprusu over the River Sandros (Banaz Ҫayi), near Pepuza (Karahalli). (p. 106)
  15. Kiz Koprusu (=maiden’s bridge) across the Hermus (Gediz), near Satala (Adala/Karataş). (pp. 110-114) [38.609849, 28.298018]
  16. Beylerhan Koprusu across the Hermus, near Gure. (pp. 110-114) [38.695266, 29.164455]
  17. Hoca Seyfeddin Koprusu across the Hermus. (pp. 111-114) [38.627334, 28.71449]
  18. Hançalar Koprusu across the Meander. (pp. 111-114) [38.13162, 29.433263]
  19. Tozlukara Koprusu (=dusty black bridge) across the Meander, near Dayilar. (pp. 112-114) [38.09141, 29.500589]
  20. Akkopru across the Indus (Dalaman Ҫayi). (p. 114) [36.920631, 28.939955]
  21. Steps across the rock that were turned into a bridge after the destruction of the Roman bridge and the road. (pp. 117-118)
  22. Kirkgoz Koprusu (=bridge of forty eyes/arches) across Akar Ҫay in Limyra. Bridge is now left in dry land. (p. 119) [36.348877, 30.206474]
  23. Bridge across Koyçay (Bagirsak/Barsakdere). Connects with the Via Sebaste after leaving Pappa/Tiberiopolis (Yunuslar) and crossing this bridge continued towards Lystra. (pp. 136-137) [37.911597, 31.941534]
  24. Bridge in Kavak to the east of Lystra. (pp. 147-148)
  25. Bridge across a brook flowing into Lake Limnai (Egirdir Golu) near Parlais. (pp. 155-157)
  26. Buluç Uçuran Koprusu along the so-called Saint Paul’s Trail, near Ҫatallar. (p. 159)
  27. Ҫandir Koprusu emerging from Karacaoren Dam in 2008. Normally it is some 10 m below the surface of the water. (pp. 160-161)
  28. Bridge across the Eurymedon (Kopru Ҫay) near Timbriada. Steps descending the river and remains of a wall by the water survive in front of the cave. (pp. 164-165) [37.811899, 31.084836]
  29. Bridge in Hoyuklu near Pisidian Antioch. (p. 169) [38.233206, 31.12608]
  30. Koprupazar Koprusu across the Eurymedon (Kopru Ҫay), near Aspendos.  (p. 170) [36.914276, 31.163139]
  31. Naras Koprusu near Manavgat. (pp. 170-171) [36.825250, 31.447354]
  32. Olukkopru across the River Eurymedon near Beşkonak. The bridge has a single arch and is about 40m above the river. (pp. 170-171) [37.191976,31.181033]
  33. Bugrum Koprusu across the Gokçesu just before it flows into the Eurymedon. (p. 172) [37.187527, 31.17922]
  34. Ali Koprusu along the Alara Ҫay near Gundogmuş. (pp. 179-180) [36.754303, 31.774405]
  35. Alakopru across the Orymagdos (Anamur Ҫayi) along the Anemurium (Anamur) – Germanicopolis (Ermenek) route. (p. 189) [36.175109, 32.894772]
  36. Taşkopru (=stone bridge) across the Lamos (Limonlu Ҫay). (pp. 196-197) [36.612582, 34.103438]
  37. Efrenk Koprusu between Veyselli and Somek across the Lamos. (pp. 196-197) [36.60973, 34.079571]
  38. Yavuz Selim Koprusu or Akkopru (=white bridge) at Şekerpinar (=sugar spring) to the north of the Cilician Gates across Ҫakitsu. (pp. 202-203) [37.471101, 34.862049]
  39. Yerkopru (=bridge in the earth) where Ҫakitsu surfaces, near Aşagi Yirikler. (p. 209)
  40. Ho Koşe or O Koşe Koprusu (=bridge of that corner) across the Cyndus (Tarsus Ҫayi) on the ancient route between Tarsus and the Cilician Gates.  (p. 210)
  41. Misis Koprusu across the River Pyramus (Ceyhan) at Mopsuestia (fancifully translated as the ‘hearth of Mopsus’) in Misis/Yakapinar. (p. 215) [36.956781, 35.625909]
  42. Roman bridge across the Pyramus at Mallos/Antioch on the Pyramus (Kiziltahta). The higher structure in the middle belongs to an Ottoman-period water-mill. The arches which connected the bridge to the eastern bank have not survived. (p. 218) [36.757771, 35.486836]
  43. Su Koprusu (=water bridge) named after the water channel built across it in its later history, near Incirli. (pp. 219-221)
  44. Bridge across the Hopur Ҫayi near Hassa. (p. 227)
  45. Bridge across the Hopur Ҫayi near Hassa. (pp. 227-228)
  46. Danaahmetli Koprusu across Karasu near Kirikhan. (pp. 227-228) [36.54048, 36.422134]
  47. Kureş Koprusu in Yayladag to the south of Antioch (Antakya). It is named after the river and situated along the Antioch – Laodice on the Sea (Lattakia. Syria) route. (pp. 229-230) [35.908348, 36.056418]
  48. Batayaz Koprusu at Batayaz/Teknepinar, near Antioch (Antakya). (pp. 229-230)
  49. Demirkopru (=iron bridge) across the Orontes (Asi) at Demikopru along the route from Antioch to Aleppo. (p. 230) [36.248786, 36.35473]


Volume 2

  1. Kirkgoz Koprusu (“Bridge of Forty Eyes”). Crosses Kaystros River (Akar Cay). Completely replaced. (pp. 20-21)
  2. Ayranci Koprusu along the Laranda (Karaman) – Cybistra (Eregli) route. (pp.27-29) [37.364698, 33.699386]
  3. Ziya Efendi Koprusu near Sidamaria (Anbar). Adjacent to cemetery. (pp. 27-29) [37.387025, 33.637234]
  4. Sogutozo Koprusu. Crosses river of the same name. South of Coropissus (Dagpazari = “mountain market”). (p. 40)
  5. Cesnigir Koprusu. Crosses Halys (Kizilirmak) at Koprukoy near Karakecili, Kirikkale. May not be ancient. (p. 45) [39.580944, 33.429315]
  6. Bridge near Kemer on the Tavium – Caesarea route (II) close to the latter. (p. 67)
  7. Tekgoz Koprusu (“bridge with a single eye”) across the Halys (Kizilirmak) near Caesarea. (p. 70) [38.836114, 35.179111]
  8. Kuru Kopru (“dry bridge”) across Kuruçay (“dry brook”) along the Caesarea – Melitene road, near Develi. (p. 103)
  9. Şahruh Koprusu across the Halys (Kizilirmak) near Gemerek to the northeast of Caesarea. (p. 103) [39.183965, 35.937383]
  10. Yildizeli Koprusu across the river of the same name to the west of Sebaste. (p. 104) [39.721922, 36.962647]
  11. Kiz Koprusu (“maiden’s bridge”) across the Ҫalti Ҫayi near Divrigi. (pp. 106-107)
  12. Abutment of Koç Koprusu (“ram’s bridge”) where Kangal Ҫayi meets Kalkim Ҫayi between Euspena (Kangal) and Divrigli. (p. 107)
  13. Kirik (“bent”) or Egri Kopru (“crooked bridge”) on the road from Sebaste (Sivas) to Melitene. (p. 107) [39.726329, 37.041123]
  14. Roman culvert along the Doliche (Duluk) – Samosata road near Buyukkarakuyu. (pp. 114-117)
  15. Roman bridge of a single arch near Yarimca across the River Marsyas along the Doliche – Samosata route. Locally known as the Sultan Murat Koprusu. (pp. 118-120)
  16. Roman bridge across Karasu near its junction with the Euphrates along the Doliche – Samosata road. (pp. 124-125)
  17. Bridge at Octacuscum (Eksi Besni). (pp. 139-141)
  18. Goksu Koprusu across the river of the same name before it joins the Euphrates. (p. 144)
  19. Cendere Koprusu along the Samosata (Samsat) – Melitene (Eksi Malatya) route across the narrowest point of the Chabinas (Cendere Suyu). (p. 147) [37.932834, 38.608519 – Severan Bridge]
  20. Remains of Burmahan Koprusu crossing the Ҫalti Ҫayi before it flows into the Euphrates. (pp. 156-157)
  21. Sultan Murat Koprusu across Kozluk Ҫayi in Eskişehir near Arapgir. (pp. 158-159)
  22. Altinli Kopru (“bridge with gold”) across the Singas (Goksu), near Ҫataltepe. (p. 159)
  23. Site of the Roman bridge over the Sabrina; abutments belong to both a Roman and an Ottoman bridge. (pp. 161-162)
  24. Ҫobandede Koprusu (“bridge of the shepherd grandfather”) over the junction of the Araxes (Aras) and the Hasankale Ҫay. (p. 168) [39.96822, 41.147382]
  25. Haburman Koprusu or Buyuk Kopru across Sinek Ҫayi in Abarne (Ҫermik). Located along caravan route that came from the north and led to Edessa (Urfa) and farther south. (p. 172) [38.13124, 39.442585]
  26. Bridge emerging over receding waters of Batman Dam near Taşlidere. (pp. 174-175)
  27. Biçakçi Koprusu across Batman Suyu flowing into the Tigris. (pp. 174-175)
  28. Bridge with deep ruts in Anastasiopolis. (pp. 176-177)
  29. Bridge across Bitlis Ҫayi along the Diyarbakir – Bitlis road, near Narlidere. (pp. 180-184)
  30. Crossing point of the roads with remains of bridges of various periods across Bitlis Ҫayi. (pp. 180-184)
  31. Bridge of Obali across Bitlis Ҫayi, near Baykan. (pp. 181-184) [38.176102, 41.822279]
  32. Bridge across a branch of Bitlis Ҫayi, near Baykan. (pp. 181-184) [38.175512, 41.823303]
  33. Kasrik Koprusu across Bitlis Ҫayi along the Diyarbakir – Bitlis route, near Narlidere. (pp. 182-184) [38.222985, 41.890096]
  34. Şeytan Koprusu (“devil’s bridge”) across Şeytan Deresi/Bendimahi Ҫayi to the northeast of Van Golu. (p. 192) [39.022622, 43.747287]
  35. Alaca Koprusu at the skirt of Mt Ararat (Agri Dagi, 5,165m), near Dogubayazit. (pp. 192-193)
  36. Roman bridge of Kemerdere across the river of the same name before the road descends to Amastris. (p. 198)
  37. Bridge across the River Rhebas (Gokçesu) where it flows into the Sangarius along the Nicaea (Iznik) – Ancyra (Ankara) route. (p. 201)
  38. Taşkopru sunk into the silted ground near Ҫakirca along Nicomedia (Izmit) – Nicaea route. (p. 202)
  39. Koyunbaba Koprusu across the Halys in Pimolisa (Osmancik). (p. 203) [40.970421, 34.800662]
  40. Bridge along the coastal route to Sinope (Sinop) from the east. (p. 205)
  41. Leyleki Kopru (“bridge with a stork) in Neocaesarea (Niksar). (p. 208) [40.589439, 36.952107]
  42. Bagdat or Tohumoglu Koprusu across Harşit Ҫayi along the Roman frontier road near Gumuşhane. (p. 218)
  43. Roman culvert under the route of the road near Bagdat Koprusu. (p. 219)
  44. Guryeni Koprusu where the Roman frontier road crossed Degirmendere to the west before climbing Boztepe towards Trapezus (Trabzon). (pp. 230-231)
  45. Taşkopru across Karasu Ҫayi along the Erzurum – Ispir route, near Kahramanlar. (pp. 232-233)
  46. Korgan Koprusu. (p. 234)
  47. Bridge across the Akhourian (Arpa Ҫayi), which flows into Araxes, between Ani, Turkey (right) and Dzhrapi, Armenia. Commonly known as Marko Polo Koprusu. (p. 236)